Dissertations

ISSN 0929-0117


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Author Title
Erik Aarts Investigations in Logic, Language and Computation
Peter Ackema Syntax below Zero
Eleonora Blaauw On the Perceptual Classification of Spontaneous and Read Speech
Jan Don Morphological Conversion
Maria de los Angeles Escobar Alvarez Lefthand Satellites in Spanish
Janet Grijzenhout Irish Consonant Mutation and Phonological Theory
Astrid Holtman Generative Theory of Rhyme: An Optimality Approach
Jacqueline van Kampen First Steps in Wh-movement
Ellen-Petra Kester The Nature of Adjectival Inflection
Charlotte Koster Errors in Anaphora Acquisition
Guus de Krom Acoustic Correlates of Breathiness and Roughness
Natasha Kurtonina Frames and Labels
Erik-Jan van der Linden A Categorial, Computational Theory of Idioms
Ludmila Menert Experiments on Voice Assimilation in Dutch: Prosodic Structures and Tempo
W.P.M. Meyer Viol Instantial Logic: An Investigation into Reasoning with Instances
Ad Neeleman Complex Predicates
Dominique Nouveau Language Acquisition, Metrical Theory, and Optimality: A Study of Dutch Word Stress
Manuela Pinto Licensing and Interpretation of Inverted Subjects in Italian
Eddy Ruys The Scope of Indefinites
Margreet Joyce Sanders Intonation Contour Choice in English
André Schenk Idioms and Collocations in Compositional Grammars
Maaike Schoorlemmer Participial Passive and Aspect in Russian
Kees Vermeulen Explorations of the Dynamic Environment
Koen Vermissen Grammatical Composition: Modes, Models, Modalities
Petra de Wit Genitive Case and Genitive Constructions
Joost Zwarts X'-Syntax - X'-Semantics

Erik Aarts, Investigations in Logic, Language and Computation
1995, 131 pp., ISBN 90-5435-051-7 (paperback)

The theme of this thesis is the application of complexity theory. For three problems, we estimate the time needed to solve them. The first is the recognition problem for categorial grammars based on Lambek calculus. The second is the recognition problem for acyclic context-sensitive grammars (grammars that can be used to describe tangling structures). The third problem is the provability of queries from a Prolog program.


Peter Ackema Syntax below Zero
1995, 354 pp., ISBN 90-6534-037-1 (paperback).

This thesis concerns the question whether there exists a separate morphological component in the grammar, distinct from the syntactic component (and from the other components). It is argued that morphological operations do not take place in syntax, but nevertheless are governed by the same principles that govern syntax. The linguistic phenomena playing a role in the discussion include apparent Lexical Integrity effects, Noun Incorporation, and Germanic past participle constructions (passives and perfects).


Eleonora Blaauw On the Perceptual Classification of Spontaneous and Read Speech
1995, 209 pp., ISBN 90-5434-046-0 (paperback)

When we hear someone talk we can usually tell immediately whether the speaker is speaking spontaneously, or whether he is reading a text out loud. This dissertation reports on a number of experiments investigating on the basis of which characteristics of the speech signal listeners decide whether speech has been produced spontaneously or has been read aloud. The experiments focus on the role of prosodic speech characteristics: speech rhythm and melody.


Jan Don, Morphological Conversion
1993, 227 pp., ISBN:90-5434-011-8 (paperback).

This study argues for a theory of word-formation in which the morphological structure of a word consists of a pair of representations, viz. a morphosyntactic representation and a morphophonological representation. The proposed theory is a synthesis between so-called "Separation" theories which totally split derivation from affixation and "standard" affix-based theories. Conversion plays a central role in the argumentation for this theory, since it clearly shows that there is no one-to-one correspondence between morphosyntax and morphophonology.


Maria de los Angeles Escobar Alvarez Lefthand Satellites in Spanish
1995, 181 pp., ISBN: 90-5434-048-7 (paperback)

This thesis deals with the syntactic clause-structure in Spanish, a language which exhibits a relatively free word order. It studies the position of the subject with respect to the verb, and, particular, analyses several constructions in which a constituent ocuurs at the lefthand side of the clause. It essentially argues for the existence of three different constructions: Focalization, Hanging Topic Left-Dislocation and Clitic Left-Dislocation. In addition, interesting instances of Scrambling phenomena are attested and discussed.


Janet Grijzenhout Irish Consonant Mutation and Phonological Theory
1995, 232 pp., ISBN 90-5434-039-8 (paperback).

Consonant mutation is a cross-linguistically common phenomenon which affects the manner of articulation of a consonant. For instance, phonetically long plosives may be shortened in certain morphological or syntactic environments, while short plosives are realized as continuants in the same environment. It is proposed that consonant mutation can best be explained by means of Aperture Positions and a Spontaneous Voicing node. The thesis focuses on Irish lenition and nasalization processes. In lenition environments, underlying short plosives are realized as fricatives, while fricatives are realized as a laryngeal sound or disappear. This is accounted for as deletion of an Aperture Position. Nasalization always involves insertion of a Spontaneous Voicing node.


Astrid Holtman, A Generative Theory of Rhyme: An Optimality Approach
1996, 316 pp., ISBN 90-5434-061-4 (paperback)

This work is an attempt to throw new light upon the phenomenon of poetic rhyme by analysing it purely linguistically. A theoretical linguistic approach to poetic language serves several purposes. Firstly, it enables us to gain insight into the nature of poetic phenomena by making intuitions we have about poetic language explicit. Secondly, a theoretical approach to the language of literature allows us to account for variations we find in the use of certain poetic devices, so that we are able to isolate particular poetic styles and develop typologies of poetic phenomena. Finally, poetic language may be considered an interesting testing ground for linguistic theories developed for natural language. It is shown that poetic rhyme resembles linguistic correspondence phenomena such as reduplication and it is argued that poetic rhyme may be fruitfully analysed within the linguistic framework of Optimality Theory.


Jacqueline van Kampen, First Steps in Wh-movement
1997, 219 pp., ISBN 90-5651-028-2 (paperback)

The acquisition of child language is considered from a generative point of view. The emperical basis is a longitudinal corpus of two Dutch children (aged 1;9-1-;0 and 1;7-7;0). The main topic is the acquisition of V2nd and wh-movement. Analyses are presented for: 1) two-word utterances, 2)do-insertion, 3) wh-drop/topic drop, 4) left branch violations, 5) spell-out of intermediate C positions. A central question being raised is how multilevel representations are learnable by means of an input-driven procedure.


Ellen-Petra Kester The Nature of Adjectival Inflection
1996, 328 pp., ISBN: 90-5434-055-X (paperback)

This thesis is concerned with the nature of inflectional morphology in the nominal domain, in particular with the patterns of adjectival inflection attested in many Germanic and Romance languages. It will be argued that adjectival inflection is related to different syntactic phenomena, playing a crucial role in the semantic interpretation of nominal and adjectival predicates, as well as in the licensing and identification of null nouns.


Charlotte Koster, Errors in Anaphora Acquisition
1993, 186 pp., ISBN: 90-5434-015-0 (paperback).

Experimentation with children has shown that some aspects of anaphora are acquired quickly and easily, while other aspects seem to be causing them unexpected difficulty. This book presents new experiments and critically analyzes other existing experiments in order to shed light on what is responsible for some of children's acquisitional problems with anaphora.


Guus de Krom, Acoustic Correlates of Breathiness and Roughness
1994, 145 pp., ISBN 90-5434-022-3 (paperback).

This dissertation is about the relation between spectral properties of speech signals and listeners' perception of (pathological) breathiness and roughness. Special attention is paid to calculation of Harmonics-to-Noise Ratios, the determinaton of measures for rating consistency and reliability, and a possible effect of the type of speech fragment evaluated.


Natasha Kurtonina Frames and Labels
1995, 354 pp., ISBN 90-6534-037-1 (paperback).

A modal analysis of categorial inference.


Erik-Jan van der Linden, A Categorial, Computational Theory of Idioms
1993, 232 pp., ISBN: 90-5434-019-3 (paperback).

Idioms form a large part of our knowledge of language. If it should ever be possible for computers to deal with these expressions, it will need a model for the representation and processing of idioms.In this dissertation a model is described with categorial grammar as the underlying framework.


Ludmila Menert, Experiments on Voice Assimilation in Dutch: Prosodic Structures and Tempo
1994, 165 pp., ISBN 90-5434-033-9 (paperback).

This dissertation reports on a series of phonetic perception experiments aimed at the conditions on Dutch post-lexical voicing assimilation as resulting from the interaction of speech tempo and the grammatical principles that govern prosodic phrasing.


W.P.M. Meyer Viol Instantial Logic: An Investigation into Reasoning with Instances
1995, 215pp., ISBN: 90-5434-042-8 (paperback)

(no abstract available)


Ad Neeleman, Complex Predicates
1994, 362 pp., ISBN 90-5434-024-X (paperback).

This study deals with the analysis of resultative and particle constructions, as well as that of constructions in which a verb like to consider takes a non-clausal complement. It is argued that in all three cases a non-verbal predicate is adjoined to the verb in the base, thus creating a complex predicate. Evidence for this analysis involves a number of similarities and differences between Dutch and English, including scrambling, double object constructions, exceptional case marking and extraction. It is also shown that the complex predicate analysis has some far-reaching consequences for the syntax-morphology and syntax-semantics interface.


Dominique Nouveau,
Language Acquisition, Metrical Theory, and Optimality. A Study of Dutch Word Stress
1994, 263 pp., ISBN 90-5434-026-6 (paperback).

The aim of this thesis is to improve our understanding of the complicated Dutch word stress, and through that, gain insight into the nature of the components of universal theory which deal with stress systems. In this enterprise, child language data play a significant role.


Manuela Pinto, Licensing and Interpretation of Inverted Subjects in Italian
1997, 261 pp., ISBN 90-5434-064-9 (paperback).

This study aims at identifying the structural and interpretive primitives involved in the phenomenon of subject inversion in Italian and at translating them into formal terms as suggested in Chomsky (1995) and Reinhart (1995, 1996). The modular account we propose analyses the phenomenon of subject inversion as the result of the interaction of the principles of the computational system with the syntactic properties of the subject and with conditions of derivational economy and interface economy


Eddy Ruys, The Scope of Indefinites
1993, 225 pp., ISBN:90-5434-008-8 (paperback).

This study argues that in generative grammar a separate grammatical component, the Theory of Scope, controls the assignment of Scope Marking diacritics that define relations of relative scope. This diacritic approach explains the occurrence of "branching" scopal relations that cannot be encoded in tree-structures (specificity, weak crossover) as well as scopal reconstruction effects. Special reference is made to the syntactic licensing of unselective binding in Donkey contexts.


Margreet Joyce Sanders Intonation Contour Choice in English
1996, 191pp., ISBN: 90-5434-052-5 (paperback)

This study describes which types of pitch accent and boundary placement in short British sentences with two accents that are or are not divided by a melodic boundary are preferred by listeners. The intonation contours used, are generated by the synthesis algorithm developed by Willems, Collier & 't Hart (1988) reported in JASA. Mostly a neutral context has been used. The tested hypotheses on expected naturalness are based on both the British and the autosegmental literature about intonation. The results are also important for speech synthesis.


André Schenk, Idioms and Collocations in Compositional Grammars
1994, 180 pp., ISBN 90-5434-034-5 (paperback).

In this study it is shown that the deficient syntactic and morphological behaviour of idiomatic expressions can, for the larger part, be predicted on the basis of the assumption that idioms are noncompositional expressions. It is argued that collocates and proverbs are restricted in their morphological and syntactic potent represented in a compositional grammar and how translation relations can be established between idioms and collocations in one language and their translation equivalents in another.


Maaike Schoorlemmer Participial Passive and Aspect in Russian
1995, 377 pp., ISBN: 90-5434-050-9 (paperback)

The empirical basis of this study are some restrictions on the formation of participial passives in Russian, a phenomenon involving the relation between syntax, morphology and aspect. The mixed verbal and adjectival properties of passive participles as well as their argument structure are analyzed in terms of Borer's theory of Parallel Morphology; this approach is extended to Russian and Polish nominalizations. Aspect is treated as a syntactic phenomenon, in some cases triggered directly by lexical properties of verbs (so-called Aktionsart verbs). The proposal is that the restrictions on the derivation of Russian participial passives are partly due to the fact that they express the equivalent of perfect tense in English. Aktionsart verbs do not derive a 'perfect' reading, and they are argued to lack a participial passive as a result of this.


Kees Vermeulen, Explorations of the Dynamic Environment
1994, 265 pp., ISBN 90-5434-030-4 (paperback).

In this thesis, concerning dynamic semantics, we investigate different techniques that are currently being used in the area. It turns out that one important feature that these techniques have in common is that they make information - that is of global relevance in the interpretation of some text - available locally. Thereby it becomes possible to give a step-by-step analysis of text interpretation. This general principle is illustrated in two specific cases: (i) the dynamic interpretation of variables and quantification, and (ii) a dynamic treatment of the (macro) structure of texts. In these examples it turns out that the combination of different kinds of information is a crucial factor in the development of dynamic semantics.


Koen Vermissen Grammatical Composition: Modes, Models, Modalities
1996, 328 pp., ISBN: 90-5434-056-8 (paperback)

Logical and linguistic aspects of multimodal categorial grammars. Part I: The Lambek calculus and extensions proposed for dealing with discontinuity phenomena. Part II: Gautam logics, a class of multimodal categorial logics for which a completeness theorem is proved. Part III: Some results on embeddings and conjoinability in residuation-based logics. Part IV: A multimodal categorial Verb-raising fragment.


Petra de Wit Genitive Case and Genitive Constructions
1997, 223 pp., ISBN: 90-5434-066-5 (paperback)

This study explores the syntax of arguments and a variety of possessive constructions in nominal clause structure in languages such as Dutch, English, German and Russian. Couched within a minimalist framework, the author presents a coherent theory of how possessives and arguments are licensed in the functional layers of DP and explains the role of derivational affixes, case markers and prepositions in this process. The theory is extended to examples of predication in DP as in binominal noun phrases and also takes into consideration the historical development of the morphological genitive and its relation to current genitive-like constructions.


Joost Zwarts, X'-Syntax - X'-Semantics
1992, 252 pp., ISBN:90-5434-006-1 (paperback).

This dissertation is about the relationship between syntactic and semantic categories. It proposes a particular mapping between the categories of the X'-theory and the types and sorts of model-theoretic semantics, shedding light on the distinction between lexical and functional heads and the interpretation of proper nouns, degree expressions, habitual verbs and empty determiners, among other things.

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