Grammaticamodellen in de Taaltechnologie hoorcollege

Docent: Paola Monachesi


Maart/April 2002

  • Sessie di 12/3.

    An overview of the development of Unification Grammars, which grew as criticism to Transformational Grammars, will be provided.
    The influence of Definite Clause Grammars, as well as of Functional Unification Grammar and of PATR will be discussed.
    Various contemporary models of grammars such as Head driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Lexical Functional Grammar and Tree adjoining Grammar will be introduced.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Abeille' A. (1993) Les Nouvelles Syntaxes, Grammaires d'unification et analyse du francaise. Paris: Armand Colin. Ch.1
    • Sag I. and T. Wasow (1999) Syntactic Theory. A formal introduction. Stanford: CSLI .
      (Appendix on the development of Generative Grammar)

  • Sessie do 14/3.

    An overview of the basic characteristics of unification grammars will be provided. Particular attention will be devoted to the use of features in these theories.
    Features structures are introduced as well as Subsumption and Unification.
    Augmentations of feature structures will be presented such as the introduction of types, disjunction, negation and conditional information.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Abeille' A. (1993) Les Nouvelles Syntaxes, Grammaires d'unification et analyse du francaise. Paris: Armand Colin. Ch.1
    • Sag I. and T. Wasow (1999) Syntactic Theory. A formal introduction. Stanford: CSLI .
      (Appendix on the development of Generative Grammar)
    • Shieber S. (1986) An introduction to unification-based approaches to grammar. Stanford: CSLI.

  • Sessie di 19/3.

    A general introduction to the HPSG framework will be provided. Linguistic application of feature structures. The use of types and inheritance. Discussion of the SYNSEM, LOCAL and CATEGORY attributes.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 21/3.

    Discussion of the SUBCAT and the CONTENT attribute. Presentation of various lexical entries. More on types and appropriate features.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie di 26/3.

    How to express lexical generalizations. Morphology in HPSG.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 28/3.

    The principles that govern the good formation of phrases: Head Feature Principle and the Valence Principle. Discussion of how phrases are encoded in HPSG and of the immediate dominance schemata. Complementizers in HPSG. Lexical entries. The Head Marker schema. The analysis of complementized clauses in HPSG. The HPSG treatment of modifiers and determiners.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie di 2/4.

    The treatment of Raising and Control. Linguistic background. Relevant lexical entries. Predictions.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Pollard C. and I. Sag (1994) Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Stanford: CSLI .
      Chapter 3 (Section 3.5)

  • Sessie do 4/4.

    The treatment of Unbounded Dependencies.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Pollard C. and I. Sag (1994) Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Stanford: CSLI .
      Chapter 4 (Section 4.1-4.3)
      Chapter 9 (Section 9.5)

  • Sessie do 9/4.

    Brief overview of Tree Adjoining Grammar. Comparison with HPSG.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Sells P. (1985) Lectures on contemporary theories. Stanford: CSLI .
    • Abeille' A. (1993) Les Nouvelles Syntaxes, Grammaires d'unification et analyse du francaise. Paris: Armand Colin. Ch.1-Ch.4

  • Sessie do 11/4.

    Presentation articles
    Paper 1 -- Lieke, Bart, Leo, Kim
    Paper 2 -- Martine, Gido, Mireille, Diederik
    Paper 3 -- Geert, Bas, Renke

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    1. van Noord G. and G. Bouma (1994) Adjuncts and the processing of Lexical Rules . In: Proceedings of Coling, Kyoto Japan.
    2. Rentier G. (1994) A lexicalist approach to Dutch Cross Serial dependencies . In: Proceedings of CLS 30, Chicago.
    3. Gotz T. (1995) Compiling HPSG constraint grammars into logic programs. . Paper presented at the "Computational Logic and Natural Language Processing `95" workshop, Edinburgh.

  • Sessie do 16/4.

    Presentation articles
    Paper 1 -- Folkert, Daan, Gabrielle, Jacqueline, Juul, Rianne
    Paper 2 -- Joke, Margreet, Rianne Schippers, Arjen, Loes, Inger

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    1. van Noord G. and Bouma G. (1997), Dutch Verb Clustering without Verb Clusters. . In: Patrick Blackburn, Maarten de Rijke (editors), Specifying Syntactic Structures.
    2. Monachesi, P. (1998): Italian restructuring verbs: a lexical analysis . In: E. Hinrichs, A. Kathol and T. Nakazawa (eds.) Complex Predicates in Nonderivational Syntax. Syntax and Semantics 30 . Academic Press. San Diego, pp. 313-368.

  • Sessie di 18/4.

    Talk by Gosse Bouma about Alpino, a large coverage grammar of Dutch.

    Achtergrondmateriaal: