Grammaticamodellen in de Taaltechnologie hoorcollege

Docent: Paola Monachesi


November/Januari 2002-2003

  • Sessie di 19/11.

    An overview of the development of Unification Grammars, which grew as criticism to Transformational Grammars, will be provided.
    The influence of Definite Clause Grammars, as well as of Functional Unification Grammar and of PATR will be discussed.
    Various contemporary models of grammars such as Head driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Lexical Functional Grammar and Tree adjoining Grammar will be introduced.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Abeille' A. (1993) Les Nouvelles Syntaxes, Grammaires d'unification et analyse du francaise. Paris: Armand Colin. Ch.1
    • Sag I. and T. Wasow (1999) Syntactic Theory. A formal introduction. Stanford: CSLI .
      (Appendix on the development of Generative Grammar)

  • Sessie do 21/11.

    An overview of the basic characteristics of unification grammars will be provided. Particular attention will be devoted to the use of features in these theories.
    Features structures are introduced as well as Subsumption and Unification.
    Augmentations of feature structures will be presented such as the introduction of types, disjunction, negation and conditional information.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Abeille' A. (1993) Les Nouvelles Syntaxes, Grammaires d'unification et analyse du francaise. Paris: Armand Colin. Ch.1
    • Sag I. and T. Wasow (1999) Syntactic Theory. A formal introduction. Stanford: CSLI .
      (Appendix on the development of Generative Grammar)
    • Shieber S. (1986) An introduction to unification-based approaches to grammar. Stanford: CSLI.

  • Sessie di 26/11.

    A general introduction to the HPSG framework will be provided. Linguistic application of feature structures. The use of types and inheritance. Discussion of the SYNSEM, LOCAL and CATEGORY attributes.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 28/11.

    Discussion of the SUBCAT attribute. Presentation of various lexical entries. More on types and appropriate features.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie di 3/12.

    The CONTENT feature. Presentation of various lexical entries. The principles that govern the good formation of phrases: Head Feature Principle and the Valence Principle. Discussion of how phrases are encoded in HPSG and of the immediate dominance schemata.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 5/12.

    How to express lexical generalizations. Morphology in HPSG.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie di 10/12.

    How to express lexical generalizations. Morphology in HPSG.

    Presentation articles
    Morphology: Tom, Wouter, Merlijn
    Romanian: Rommert, Walter, Jaap

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 12/12.

    Complementizers in HPSG. Lexical entries. The Head Marker schema. The analysis of complementized clauses in HPSG. The HPSG treatment of modifiers and determiners.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 17/12.

    Complementizers in HPSG. Lexical entries. The Head Marker schema. The analysis of complementized clauses in HPSG. The HPSG treatment of modifiers and determiners.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 19/12.

    The treatment of Raising and Control. Linguistic background. Relevant lexical entries. Predictions.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Pollard C. and I. Sag (1994) Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Stanford: CSLI .
      Chapter 3 (Section 3.5)

  • Sessie do 7/1.

    The treatment of Unbounded Dependencies.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Pollard C. and I. Sag (1994) Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Stanford: CSLI .
      Chapter 4 (Section 4.1-4.3)
      Chapter 9 (Section 9.5)

  • Sessie di 14/1.

    Brief overview of Tree Adjoining Grammar. Comparison with HPSG.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Sells P. (1985) Lectures on contemporary theories. Stanford: CSLI .
    • Abeille' A. (1993) Les Nouvelles Syntaxes, Grammaires d'unification et analyse du francaise. Paris: Armand Colin. Ch.1-Ch.4

  • Sessie di 21/1.

    TEST

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Raising and control
    • Unbounded dependencies
    • TAG

  • Sessie do 23/1.

    Presentation articles
    Rommert en Walter: Paper 1 --- eindopdracht, comparison with paper 2
    Tom en Jaap: Paper 4 ( presentation ) --- eindopdracht paper by Tibor Kiss
    Merlijn en Wouter: Paper 3 ( presentation ), eindopdract??

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    1. van Noord G. and Bouma G. (1997), Dutch Verb Clustering without Verb Clusters. . In: Patrick Blackburn, Maarten de Rijke (editors), Specifying Syntactic Structures.
    2. Rentier G. (1994) A lexicalist approach to Dutch Cross Serial dependencies . In: Proceedings of CLS 30, Chicago.
    3. Petra Barg and Markus Walter. (1998) Processing Unknown Words in HPSG. . In: In: Proceedings of COLING-ACL'98, Vol. B I, Montreal, 91-95
    4. Miller, P. and Sag, 1. (1997). French clitic movement without clitics or movement. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory. 15: 573--639.