Grammaticamodellen in de Taaltechnologie hoorcollege

Docent: Paola Monachesi


November/Januari 2003-2004

  • Sessie di 18/11.

    An overview of the development of Unification Grammars, which grew as criticism to Transformational Grammars, will be provided.
    The influence of Definite Clause Grammars, as well as of Functional Unification Grammar and of PATR will be discussed.
    Various contemporary models of grammars such as Head driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Lexical Functional Grammar and Tree adjoining Grammar will be introduced.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Abeille' A. (1993) Les Nouvelles Syntaxes, Grammaires d'unification et analyse du francaise. Paris: Armand Colin. Ch.1
    • Sag I. and T. Wasow (1999) Syntactic Theory. A formal introduction. Stanford: CSLI .
      (Appendix on the development of Generative Grammar)

  • Sessie do 20/11.

    An overview of the basic characteristics of unification grammars will be provided. Particular attention will be devoted to the use of features in these theories.
    Features structures are introduced as well as Subsumption and Unification.
    Augmentations of feature structures will be presented such as the introduction of types, disjunction, negation and conditional information.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Abeille' A. (1993) Les Nouvelles Syntaxes, Grammaires d'unification et analyse du francaise. Paris: Armand Colin. Ch.1
    • Sag I. and T. Wasow (1999) Syntactic Theory. A formal introduction. Stanford: CSLI .
      (Appendix on the development of Generative Grammar)
    • Shieber S. (1986) An introduction to unification-based approaches to grammar. Stanford: CSLI.

  • Sessie di 25/11.

    A general introduction to the HPSG framework will be provided. Linguistic application of feature structures. The use of types and inheritance. Discussion of the SYNSEM, LOCAL and CATEGORY attributes.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 27/11.

    Discussion of the SUBCAT attribute. Presentation of various lexical entries. More on types and appropriate features.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie di 2/12.

    The CONTENT feature. Presentation of various lexical entries. The principles that govern the good formation of phrases: Head Feature Principle and the Valence Principle. Discussion of how phrases are encoded in HPSG and of the immediate dominance schemata.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 4/12.

    How to express lexical generalizations. Morphology in HPSG.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie di 9/12.

    The treatment of determiners.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 11/12.

    Complementizers in HPSG. Lexical entries. The Head Marker schema. The analysis of complementized clauses in HPSG.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie di 16/12.

    The treatment of modifiers.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 18/12.

    The treatment of Unbounded Dependencies.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Pollard C. and I. Sag (1994) Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Stanford: CSLI .
      Chapter 4 (Section 4.1-4.3)
      Chapter 9 (Section 9.5)

  • Sessie di 6/1.

    TEST

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Unification, subsumption.
    • The use of features.
    • Types and inheritance.
    • Lexical entries in HPSG.
    • Morphology in HPSG
    • Complementizers, modifiers, determiners.
    • Unbounded dependencies.

  • Sessie do 8/1.

    The treatment of Raising and Control. Linguistic background. Relevant lexical entries. Predictions.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Pollard C. and I. Sag (1994) Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Stanford: CSLI .
      Chapter 3 (Section 3.5)
    • Sag I. and T. Wasow (1999) Syntactic Theory. A formal introduction. Stanford: CSLI .
      (Chapter 12)

  • Sessie di 13/1.

    Brief overview of Tree Adjoining Grammar.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Sells P. (1985) Lectures on contemporary theories. Stanford: CSLI .
    • Abeille' A. (1993) Les Nouvelles Syntaxes, Grammaires d'unification et analyse du francaise. Paris: Armand Colin. Ch.1-Ch.4

  • Sessie do 15/1.

    Tree Adjoining Grammar: a comparison with HPSG.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Sells P. (1985) Lectures on contemporary theories. Stanford: CSLI .
    • Abeille' A. (1993) Les Nouvelles Syntaxes, Grammaires d'unification et analyse du francaise. Paris: Armand Colin. Ch.1-Ch.4

  • Sessie di 20/1.

    Presentation articles
    Jaquelijn: Agreement (Paper 1)
    Bart: Modifiers (Paper 3)
    Sander: Morphology (Paper 4)

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    1. A. Kathol (1999) Agreement and the Syntax-Morphology Interface in HPSG. In Robert Levine and Georgia Green, editor(s), Studies in Contemporary Phrase Structure Grammar. 209-260. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
    2. Pollard C. and I. Sag (1994) Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Stanford: CSLI .
      Chapter 2 (Deals with agreement)
    3. van Noord G. and G. Bouma (1994) Adjuncts and the processing of Lexical Rules . In: Proceedings of Coling, Kyoto Japan.
    4. article by Bonami and Boye

  • Sessie di 22/1.

    Presentation articles
    Jayme and Janne: NPI (Papers 1 and 2)
    Nick and Gerbrand: parsing (paper 4)
    David: phonology (paper 3)

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    1. J.B. Kim (1995) English Negation from a Non-Derivational Perspective. In Proceedings of the 21st Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. Berkeley, CA.
    2. Kim, Jong-Bok, and Ivan A. Sag. 2002. Negation without Head Movement. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 20.2: 339-412.
    3. Bird, S. and Klein, E. (1994). Phonological analysis in typed feature systems. Computational Linguistics, 20(3):455-491.
    4. Petra Barg and Markus Walter. (1998) Processing Unknown Words in HPSG. . In: In: Proceedings of COLING-ACL'98, Vol. B I, Montreal, 91-95