Grammaticamodellen in de Taaltechnologie hoorcollege

Docent: Paola Monachesi


Maart/April 2001

  • Sessie di 13/3.

    An overview of the development of Unification Grammars, which grew as criticism to Transformational Grammars, will be provided.
    The influence of Definite Clause Grammars, as well as of Functional Unification Grammar and of PATR will be discussed.
    Various contemporary models of grammars such as Head driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Lexical Functional Grammar and Tree adjoining Grammar will be introduced.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Abeille' A. (1993) Les Nouvelles Syntaxes, Grammaires d'unification et analyse du francaise. Paris: Armand Colin. Ch.1
    • Sag I. and T. Wasow (1999) Syntactic Theory. A formal introduction. Stanford: CSLI .
      (Appendix on the development of Generative Grammar)

  • Sessie do 15/3.

    An overview of the basic characteristics of unification grammars will be provided. Particular attention will be devoted to the use of features in these theories.
    Features structures are introduced as well as Subsumption and Unification.
    Augmentations of feature structures will be presented such as the introduction of types, disjunction, negation and conditional information.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Abeille' A. (1993) Les Nouvelles Syntaxes, Grammaires d'unification et analyse du francaise. Paris: Armand Colin. Ch.1
    • Sag I. and T. Wasow (1999) Syntactic Theory. A formal introduction. Stanford: CSLI .
      (Appendix on the development of Generative Grammar)
    • Shieber S. (1986) An introduction to unification-based approaches to grammar. Stanford: CSLI.

  • Sessie di 20/3.

    A general introduction to the HPSG framework will be provided. Linguistic application of feature structures. The use of types and inheritance. Discussion of the SYNSEM, LOCAL and CATEGORY attributes.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 22/3.

    Discussion of the SUBCAT and the CONTENT attribute. Presentation of various lexical entries. More on types and appropriate features.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie di 27/3.

    More on lexical entries. How to express lexical generalizations. The principles that govern the good formation of phrases: Head Feature Principle and the Valence Principle. Discussion of how phrases are encoded in HPSG and of the immediate dominance schemata.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 29/3.

    Complementizers in HPSG. Lexical entries. The Head Marker schema. The analysis of complementized clauses in HPSG.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie di 3/4.

    An alternative analysis of complementizers as heads. The HPSG treatment of modifiers and determiners.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 5/4.

    More on adjuncts: van Noord and Bouma's paper. Lexical generalizations. Morphology in HPSG: Italian cliticization as study case. Solution to ex. 3.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie di 10/4.

    The treatment of Raising and Control. Linguistic background. Relevant lexical entries. Predictions.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Pollard C. and I. Sag (1994) Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Stanford: CSLI .
      Chapter 3 (Section 3.5)

  • Sessie do 12/4.

    The treatment of Unbounded Dependencies.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Pollard C. and I. Sag (1994) Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Stanford: CSLI .
      Chapter 4 (Section 4.1-4.3)
      Chapter 9 (Section 9.5)

  • Sessie di 17/4.

    Talk by Gosse Bouma about Alpino, a large coverage grammar of Dutch.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

  • Sessie do 19/4.

    Brief overview of Tree Adjoining Grammar and Lexical Functional Grammar. Comparison with HPSG.

    Achtergrondmateriaal:

    • Slides [screen] , [print]
    • Sells P. (1985) Lectures on contemporary theories. Stanford: CSLI .
      Chapter 4
    • Abeille' A. (1993) Les Nouvelles Syntaxes, Grammaires d'unification et analyse du francaise. Paris: Armand Colin. Ch.1-Ch.4