This dissertation presents a formal model of plural pronominal
discourse anaphora. It focuses on the question of how to model the
contextual interpretation of plural pronouns. Specifically, it develops a
nonrepresentational dynamic semantics of quantification.
A quantificational sentence has several sets associated with it, each of
which is a potential antecedent for a subsequent plural pronoun.
It is argued that one of these sets, the socalled complement set, is
only accessible through inference, while other sets are contextually
introduced by quantificational structures as salient antecedents.
The formal model of context and context change presented in this work
deals with these sets made salient by quantification. A complicating
factor, however, is that quantificational structures also introduce
dependencies. That is, pronouns have access to correspondences between
salient sets. Accordingly, the notion of context has to be
structured. Furthermore, it turns out that a more complex account of
the accessibility of (dependent) antecedents is also called
for. Consideration of these and other issues ultimately leads to the
development of an incremental dynamic semantics of quantification.
This study is of interest to researchers concerned with the formal
semantics of quantification, plurality and anaphora, and to scholars
interested in more general issues concerning the semantics and
pragmatics of discourse anaphora.
